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  • 黄凌,陈飞宇,蓝桂莲,袁兆康.南昌市老年人类免疫缺陷病毒感染者/艾滋病患者社会资本与生存质量的关系[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(1):99-103    [点击复制]
  • HUANG Ling,CHEN Fei-yu,LAN Gui-lian,YUAN Zhao-kang.Relationship between social capital and quality of life in elderly HIV/AIDS patients in Nanchang[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(1):99-103   [点击复制]
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南昌市老年人类免疫缺陷病毒感染者/艾滋病患者社会资本与生存质量的关系
黄凌1,2,陈飞宇3,蓝桂莲4,袁兆康1*
0
(1. 南昌大学公共卫生学院、江西省预防医学重点实验室, 南昌 330006;
2. 上海市浦东新区疾病预防控制中心、复旦大学浦东预防医学研究院, 上海 200136;
3. 江西省东乡县疾病预防控制中心, 抚州 331800;
4. 南昌大学第一附属医院消化科, 南昌 330006
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 了解南昌市老年人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)感染者/艾滋病患者社会资本和生存质量的现况,并探索社会资本及其各维度与生存质量的关系。方法 纳入2015年1月至6月南昌市东湖区和青云谱区疾病预防控制中心确证的65例老年HIV感染者/艾滋病患者进行现况调查。问卷包括一般情况调查表、个人社会资本量表和简体中文版MOS-HIV量表。采用统计描述评价老年HIV感染者/艾滋病患者的社会资本和生存质量现况,采用多元线性逐步回归分析探索社会资本与生存质量的关系。结果 共收集有效问卷63份。南昌市老年HIV感染者/艾滋病患者结合型社会资本得分、桥梁型社会资本得分和社会资本总得分分别为10.83±1.99、7.60±2.94、18.43±3.47,生理领域和心理领域得分分别为44.25±5.10、42.93±5.08。结合型社会资本、CD4+T淋巴细胞计数、年龄、文化程度、婚姻状况是生存质量的影响因素(P<0.05)。结论 南昌市老年HIV感染者/艾滋病患者的社会资本和生存质量较低;加强家庭成员、朋友、邻里等的关怀帮助是提高其生存质量的关键,而桥梁型社会资本与生存质量的关系有待进一步探索。
关键词:  获得性免疫缺陷综合征  老年人  社会资本  生存质量  影响因素
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.01.0099
投稿时间:2018-08-10修订日期:2018-11-06
基金项目:江西省科技厅支撑项目(20141BBG70067),南昌大学研究生创新专项资金项目(cx2016287).
Relationship between social capital and quality of life in elderly HIV/AIDS patients in Nanchang
HUANG Ling1,2,CHEN Fei-yu3,LAN Gui-lian4,YUAN Zhao-kang1*
(1. Department of Public Health, Jiangxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Preventive Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi, China;
2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Pudong New Area, Fudan University Pudong Institute of Preventive Medicine, Shanghai 200136, China;
3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Dongxiang County, Fuzhou 331800, Jiangxi, China;
4. Department of Gastroenterology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To understand the status of social capital and quality of life in elderly patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Nanchang, and to explore the correlation of social capital and its dimensions with quality of life.Methods A total of 65 elderly HIV/AIDS patients were investigated from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) database of the Donghu District and Qingyunpu District of Nanchang from Jan. to Jun. 2015. The questionnaires included basic situation survey, personal social capital scale and simplified Chinese version of medical outcomes study HIV health survey (MOS-HIV). The descriptive statistical method was used to evaluate the status of social capital and quality of life of elderly HIV/AIDS patients. The multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between social capital and quality of life.Results A total of 63 questionnaires were collected. The scores of bonding social capital, bridging social capital and total social capital of elderly HIV/AIDS patients were 10.83±1.99, 7.60±2.94 and 18.43±3.47, respectively. The physical health summary score and mental health summary score were 44.25±5.10 and 42.93±5.08, respectively. Bonding social capital, CD4+ T cell count, age, education level and marital status were the influencing factors of quality of life (P<0.05).Conclusion The elderly HIV/AIDS patients in Nanchang have low social capital and poor quality of life. More care and help from family members, friends, neighborhoods and others are keys to improve quality of life of elderly HIV/AIDS patients, but the relationship between bridging social capital and quality of life needs to be further explored.
Key words:  acquired immunodeficiency syndrome  elderly  social capital  quality of life  influencing factors