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  • 胡超群,吕奕鹏,徐振清,薛晨,张鹭鹭*.水面舰艇官兵海上执行任务期间卫生服务需求及利用情况调查[J].第二军医大学学报,2018,39(10):1158-1160    [点击复制]
  • HU Chao-qun,LÜ Yi-peng,XU Zhen-qing,XUE Chen,ZHANG Lu-lu*.Investigation of healthcare demands and utilization of naval soldiers during maritime missions[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2018,39(10):1158-1160   [点击复制]
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水面舰艇官兵海上执行任务期间卫生服务需求及利用情况调查
胡超群,吕奕鹏,徐振清,薛晨,张鹭鹭*
0
(海军军医大学(第二军医大学)卫生勤务学系军队卫生事业管理研究所, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 了解执行任务期间舰艇部队官兵的卫生服务需求及卫生救治情况,为相关卫生机构制定计划、配置资源提供科学依据。方法 设计调查问卷并组织舰艇部队官兵填写,调查内容包括官兵基本信息、执行任务期间疾病发生情况、身体损伤情况及卫生救治情况。收集的数据使用EpiData 3.1软件双人录入,采用SPSS 21.0软件进行统计分析。结果 共发放问卷850份,回收有效问卷755份,有效回收率为88.82%。舰艇官兵在执行任务期间疾病发生率高且疾病类型多样,疾病出现频次最高的是急性肠胃炎(49.1%,371/755),其次是中暑(36.4%,275/755)。身体损伤中发生率最高的是晕船(65.0%,491/755),其次是噪声性耳聋(20.0%,151/755)及舱室有害气体中毒(19.3%,146/755)。有242人次(32.1%)认为在出海过程中患病后不能得到解决。结论 执行任务期间舰艇部队官兵疾病发病率高,身体损伤大,舰艇卫生服务不能很好地满足官兵需求。
关键词:  舰艇卫生  卫生服务  问卷调查
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2018.10.1158
投稿时间:2018-04-13修订日期:2018-07-08
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(71233008),国家自然科学基金重大研究计划(91224005),军队"十二五"重大专项(AWS12J002),上海市卫生系统重要疾病联合攻关项目(2013ZYJB0006).
Investigation of healthcare demands and utilization of naval soldiers during maritime missions
HU Chao-qun,LÜ Yi-peng,XU Zhen-qing,XUE Chen,ZHANG Lu-lu*
(Institute of Military Health Administration, Faculty of Health Services, Navy Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To explore the healthcare demands and utilization of soldiers in navy warship troops during maritime missions, so as to provide scientific basis for the relevant health agencies to make plan and allocate health resources. Methods Questionnaire were designed for naval soldiers to fill in, and the investigation included basic information of soldiers, disease occurrence, physical injury and medical treatment during the missions. The EpiData 3.1 was used for data input by double person and the SPSS 21.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results A total of 850 questionnaires were sent out and 755 valid questionnaires were returned (response rate 88.82%). During the maritime mission, the incidence of diseases of soldiers in navy warship troops was high, with various types of diseases. The diseases of high frequency were acute gastroenteritis (49.1%, 371/755) and heat stroke (36.4%, 275/755). The physical injuries of high incidence were seasickness (65.0%, 491/755), noise induced hearing loss (20.0%, 151/755), and cabin noxious gas poisoning (19.3%, 146/755). There were 242 persons (32.1%) who believed that the disease could not be solved during maritime missions. Conclusion During the maritime missions, the incidences of diseases and physical injuries of soldiers are high in navy warship troops, and the health services cannot well meet the demands of the soldiers.
Key words:  naval vessels health  health service  questionnaire survey