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  • 阮亦,顾伟,凌昌全*.脑力疲劳测评方法的研究进展[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(1):79-85    [点击复制]
  • RUAN Yi,GU Wei,LING Chang-quan*.Assessment methods of mental fatigue: an update[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(1):79-85   [点击复制]
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脑力疲劳测评方法的研究进展
阮亦,顾伟,凌昌全*
0
(海军军医大学(第二军医大学)中医系, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
脑力疲劳,最早称为脑疲劳,是临床常见的疲劳类型之一。近年来,在经济文化产业尤其是军事作业人群中,由于脑力劳动的强度和比例逐步上升,脑力疲劳发生率亦逐步上升。目前,脑力疲劳已成为疲劳预防和治疗的重要研究领域。脑力疲劳程度的测定是开展相关研究的基础,对其防治具有重要意义。然而,由于脑力疲劳具有强烈的主观性且其发生机制并不十分明确,目前测评方法种类繁多,仍无统一的标准。本文就现有脑力疲劳的测评方法进行综述,将现有评估方法主要分为症状学评估、心理行为学评估、生理学和生物化学评估三大类,探讨各类评估方法的主要内容和原理,以期为相关研究提供一定参考。
关键词:  脑力疲劳  量表  体征和症状  心理学  脑电描记术
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.01.0079
投稿时间:2018-05-10修订日期:2018-08-11
基金项目:上海市中医药发展三年行动计划项目(ZY3-CCCX-3-7002).
Assessment methods of mental fatigue: an update
RUAN Yi,GU Wei,LING Chang-quan*
(School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Mental fatigue, first known as brain fag, is one of the common clinical fatigue types. Due to the increase of the intensity and proportion of mental work, mental fatigue has an increasing prevalence among the people working in all fields especially, especially in the military field. In recent years, mental fatigue has become an important part of fatiguerelative research. How to prevent, control and alleviate mental fatigue is an important issue, which is based on evaluating or determining the degree of mental fatigue. Because mental fatigue has strong subjectivity and its mechanism is still unclear, there are many evaluation methods, but with no unified standard. This article reviews the evaluation methods of mental fatigue, including symptomatic, psychobehavioral, and physiological and biochemical assessment, and discusses the main contents and principles of various evaluation methods, so as to provide reference to mental fatigue research.
Key words:  mental fatigue  scales  signs and symptoms  psychology  electroencephalography