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  • 李晨,汪大林*.高速涡轮牙钻及微创拔牙刀在阻生智齿拔除术中的应用效果[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(4):455-458    [点击复制]
  • LI Chen,WANG Da-lin*.Application of high-speed dental handpiece and original luxator in impacted wisdom tooth extraction[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(4):455-458   [点击复制]
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高速涡轮牙钻及微创拔牙刀在阻生智齿拔除术中的应用效果
李晨,汪大林*
0
(海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长海医院口腔科, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 探究高速涡轮牙钻及微创拔牙刀在阻生智齿拔除术中的应用效果。方法 选取2016年12月至2017年12月行阻生智齿拔除术的患者70例,根据拔牙方法将患者分为对照组(35例)与微创组(35例),对照组采取常规拔牙方法,微创组采取高速涡轮牙钻及微创拔牙刀拔牙。比较两组的手术指标(拔牙完整性、张口受限度、肿胀度、手术时间)、疼痛程度、并发症发生情况和术后生活质量(心理职能、生理功能、躯体疼痛、活力)。结果 微创组患者的拔牙完整性、张口受限度、肿胀度、手术时间4项手术指标均优于对照组(P均<0.05)。微创组和对照组患者治疗前的疼痛视觉模拟量表(VAS)评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),治疗后微创组VAS评分较对照组下降(P<0.05)。微创组并发症总发生率为11.43%(4/35),低于对照组[34.29%(12/35),P<0.05]。微创组术后3个月的心理职能等生活质量各项评分均高于对照组(P均<0.05)。结论 阻生智齿拔除术中应用高速涡轮牙钻及微创拔牙刀可有效提高治疗效果、减少并发症发生。
关键词:  阻生智齿  拔牙  高速涡轮牙钻  微创拔牙刀  疼痛  并发症
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.04.0455
投稿时间:2018-09-06修订日期:2019-03-27
基金项目:
Application of high-speed dental handpiece and original luxator in impacted wisdom tooth extraction
LI Chen,WANG Da-lin*
(Department of Stomatology, Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To explore the application of high-speed dental handpiece and original luxator in the impacted wisdom tooth extraction. Methods Seventy patients with impacted wisdom teeth, who underwent impacted wisdom tooth extraction between Dec. 2016 and Dec. 2017, were selected. The patients were divided into control group (n=35) and minimally invasive group (n=35) according to the surgical options. The patients in the control group received conventional tooth extraction, and the patients in the minimally invasive group received tooth extraction using high-speed dental handpiece and original luxator. The surgical parameters (extraction integrity, mouth restriction, swelling and operation time), pain extent, complications and the quality of life after operation (psychological function, physiological function, physical pain, vitality) were compared between the two groups. Results The surgical parameters, including extraction integrity, mouth restriction, swelling and operation time, were significantly better in the minimally invasive group than those in the control group (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the visual simulation scale (VAS) score before extraction between the two groups (P>0.05). After extraction, the VAS score was significantly lower in the minimally invasive group than that in the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of complications in the minimally invasive group was 11.43% (4/35), which was significantly lower than that in the control group (34.29%[12/35], P<0.05). At 3 months after extraction, the scores of psychological function and the other quality of life scores were significantly higher in the minimally invasive group than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion Application of high-speed dental handpiece and original luxator in impacted wisdom tooth extraction can significantly improve the treatment efficacy and reduce complication incidence.
Key words:  impacted wisdom tooth  tooth extraction  high-speed dental handpiece  original luxator  pain  complications