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  • 张晏铭,张丹枫,陈吉钢.水下爆炸致水面舰艇人员损伤的特点及研究现状[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(5):573-576    [点击复制]
  • ZHANG Yan-ming,ZHANG Dan-feng,CHEN Ji-gang.Characteristics and research status of injuries on surface vessels induced by underwater explosion[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(5):573-576   [点击复制]
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水下爆炸致水面舰艇人员损伤的特点及研究现状
张晏铭1,张丹枫2,陈吉钢2*
0
(1. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)基础医学院学员四队, 上海 200433;
2. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长征医院神经外科, 上海 200003
*通信作者)
摘要:
海战中水面舰艇在遭受水下爆炸攻击后会产生急剧的加速运动,造成舰艇上人员损伤,被称为舰艇冲击伤。舰艇冲击伤是造成舰艇上人员丧失战斗力的主要因素,国内外已经对其开展了大量研究。本文就舰艇冲击伤的历史、研究方法、损伤机制与特点、防护及救治等方面进行总结分析,提出当前研究的不足,并展望未来的发展方向,以便加深广大军医对舰艇冲击伤的了解,为该类损伤的防治提供参考。
关键词:  海战  舰艇冲击伤  损伤特点  防护  治疗
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.05.0573
投稿时间:2018-10-03修订日期:2018-12-14
基金项目:
Characteristics and research status of injuries on surface vessels induced by underwater explosion
ZHANG Yan-ming1,ZHANG Dan-feng2,CHEN Ji-gang2*
(1. The Fourth Student Team, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China;
2. Department of Neurosurgery, Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200003, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Warships undergo accelerated motion when attacked by underwater explosion in the naval battles, resulting in severe damage of the warship personnel, which is termed as ship shock injury. The ship shock injury is the main factor that causes the loss of fighting capacity of personnel on warships. A great number of studies on ship shock injury have been made at home and abroad. In this paper, we reviewed and analyzed the history, research methods, injury mechanisms and characteristics, and protection and treatment measures of ship shock injury, pointing out the shortcomings of current research and proposing research direction in future. We hoped this paper can help to deepen the understanding of naval surgeons on ship shock injury and provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of ship shock injury.
Key words:  naval battle  ship shock injuries  injury characteristics  protection  therapy