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  • 夏天爽,林柳悦,蒋益萍,张巧艳,秦路平*,辛海量*.苦味酸类成分蛇麻酮和葎草酮对大鼠成骨细胞和破骨细胞的干预作用[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(1):25-30    [点击复制]
  • XIA Tian-shuang,LIN Liu-yue,JIANG Yi-ping,ZHANG Qiao-yan,QIN Lu-ping*,XIN Hai-liang*.Intervening effects of lupulone and humulone in Humulus lupulus L. on osteoblasts and osteoclasts of rats[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(1):25-30   [点击复制]
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苦味酸类成分蛇麻酮和葎草酮对大鼠成骨细胞和破骨细胞的干预作用
夏天爽,林柳悦,蒋益萍,张巧艳,秦路平*,辛海量*
0
(海军军医大学(第二军医大学)药学院生药学教研室, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 研究苦味酸类成分蛇麻酮和葎草酮对大鼠成骨细胞及破骨细胞活性的干预作用。方法 以新生24 h的Wistar大鼠所分离的成骨细胞和破骨细胞为研究对象,设置对照组,蛇麻酮处理低(10-15 mol/L)、中(10-14 mol/L)、高(10-13 mol/L)剂量组,以及葎草酮处理低(10-15 mol/L)、中(10-14 mol/L)、高(10-13 mol/L)剂量组。药物处理后,分别用MTT法、碱性磷酸酶(ALP)活性检测以及茜素红染色法评价蛇麻酮和葎草酮对成骨细胞增殖、分化及骨矿化水平的影响。采用破骨细胞计数以及抗酒石酸酸性磷酸酶(TRAP)活性检测评价蛇麻酮和葎草酮对破骨细胞活性的影响。采用试剂盒法检测骨钙素(OCN)水平,采用蛋白质印迹法检测骨形成相关蛋白骨桥蛋白(OPN)、骨涎蛋白(BSP)、骨形成蛋白(BMP-2)以及骨吸收相关蛋白组织蛋白酶K(CK)、基质金属蛋白酶9(MMP-9)的表达,评价蛇麻酮和葎草酮在骨代谢调控方面的作用。结果 在大鼠成骨细胞水平上,与对照组相比,蛇麻酮在10-15、10-14 mol/L浓度下可促进成骨细胞增殖(P<0.05),在10-14、10-13 mol/L浓度下可提高ALP活性以及骨矿化水平(P<0.05,P<0.01),在10-13 mol/L浓度下可促进OCN的表达(P<0.01),在10-14、10-13 mol/L浓度下可提高骨形成相关蛋白BSP和BMP-2的表达(P<0.05);葎草酮在10-15~10-13 mol/L浓度下可促进成骨细胞增殖、提高ALP活性以及骨矿化水平(P<0.01)、提高骨形成相关蛋白OCN、OPN的表达(P<0.05,P<0.01),在10-14、10-13 mol/L浓度下可促进BSP和BMP-2的表达(P<0.05)。在大鼠破骨细胞水平上,与对照组相比,蛇麻酮和葎草酮在10-15~10-13 mol/L浓度下均可降低破骨细胞数目(P<0.01),抑制CK的表达(P<0.05,P<0.01);葎草酮在10-15~10-13 mol/L浓度下可抑制MMP-9的表达(P<0.05,P<0.01)。结论 本研究在细胞水平上初步明确了蛇麻酮和葎草酮可通过促进成骨细胞骨形成、抑制破骨细胞骨吸收来防治骨丢失,为骨质疏松药物的开发提供了新资源。
关键词:  苦味酸  成骨细胞  破骨细胞  蛇麻酮  葎草酮
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.01.0025
投稿时间:2018-09-18修订日期:2018-11-12
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(U1603283).
Intervening effects of lupulone and humulone in Humulus lupulus L. on osteoblasts and osteoclasts of rats
XIA Tian-shuang,LIN Liu-yue,JIANG Yi-ping,ZHANG Qiao-yan,QIN Lu-ping*,XIN Hai-liang*
(Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding authors)
Abstract:
Objective To explore the effects of lupulone (LUP) and humulone (HUM) in Humulus lupulus L. on osteoblasts and osteoclasts of rats.Methods Osteoblasts and osteoclasts isolated from 24-h-old Wistar rats were studied and divided into control group, LUP-treated low (10-15 mol/L)-, medium (10-14 mol/L)- and high (10-13 mol/L)-dose groups, and HUM-treated low (10-15 mol/L)-, medium (10-14 mol/L)- and high (10-13 mol/L)-dose groups. After drug treatment, the proliferation, differentiation and bone mineralization of osteoblasts were determined by MTT assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay and alizarin red staining, respectively. Osteoclasts were counted and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity was measured to evaluate the effects of LUP and HUM on the activity of osteoclasts. Osteocalcin (OCN) levels were measured by kit assay, and the expression levels of bone formation related proteins osteopontin (OPN), bone sialoprotein (BSP), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), bone resorption related proteins cathepsin K (CK) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) were measured by Western blotting analysis to evaluate the effects of LUP and HUM on bone metabolism.Results At the osteoblast level, LUP at dosages of 10-15 and 10-14 mol/L could significantly promote the cell proliferation (P<0.05). LUP at dosages of 10-14 and 10-13 mol/L could significantly improve ALP activity and bone mineralization (P<0.05, P<0.01). LUP at dosage of 10-13 mol/L could significantly induce the expression of OCN (P<0.01). Furthermore, LUP at dosages of 10-14 and 10-13 mol/L could significantly increase the expression of BSP and BMP-2 (P<0.05). HUM at dosages of 10-15-10-13 mol/L could also significantly promote the osteoblastic proliferation, ALP activity and bone mineralization (P<0.01), and could significantly increase the expression of OCN and OPN (P<0.05, P<0.01). Additionally, HUM at dosages of 10-14 and 10-13 mol/L could significantly increase the expression of BSP and BMP-2 (P<0.05). At the osteoclast level, both LUP and HUM at dosages of 10-15-10-13 mol/L could significantly reduce the number of osteoclasts (P<0.01) and could significantly inhibit the expression of CK (P<0.05, P<0.01). HUM at dosages of 10-15-10-13 mol/L could also significantly inhibit the expression of MMP-9 (P<0.05, P<0.01).Conclusion This study preliminarily clarifies that LUP and HUM can prevent bone loss by promoting bone formation and inhibiting bone resorption, which provides a new reference for the development of osteoporosis drugs.
Key words:  bitter acid  osteoblasts  osteoclasts  lupulone  humulone