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  • 宋澍深,吴加帅,张帆*.压力对军校医学生社交焦虑的影响:心理弹性的中介作用[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(3):346-348    [点击复制]
  • SONG Shu-shen,WU Jia-shuai,ZHANG Fan*.Mediating role of resilience between stress and social anxiety in military medical university students[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(3):346-348   [点击复制]
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压力对军校医学生社交焦虑的影响:心理弹性的中介作用
宋澍深,吴加帅,张帆*
0
(海军军医大学(第二军医大学)心理系基础心理学教研室, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的考察军校医学生压力、心理弹性与社交焦虑的关系,并探究其机制。方法应用社交焦虑量表(IAS)、大学生压力量表(SSCS)及Connor-Davidson心理弹性量表(CD-RISC)对211名军校医学生进行测量,采用Pearson相关分析和结构方程模型分析变量关系。结果回收有效问卷198份,有效率为93.8%。社交焦虑和压力各维度之间及心理弹性各维度之间均存在相关关系(P均<0.01)。结构方程模型分析表明,心理弹性对压力和社交焦虑之间的关系起部分中介作用(χ2/df=2.08,P<0.05;渐进残差均方和平方根=0.074,比较适配指数=0.98,规准适配指数=0.97,增值适配指数=0.98)。军医院校男生较女生压力更大[(24.67±15.01)分vs(20.17±13.07)分,t=2.17,P<0.05]。结论心理弹性在压力与社交焦虑之间起部分中介作用,应加强对军校医学生心理弹性的培养。
关键词:  心理弹性  心理学应激  社交焦虑  医学生  军校
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.03.0346
投稿时间:2018-09-21修订日期:2019-02-22
基金项目:
Mediating role of resilience between stress and social anxiety in military medical university students
SONG Shu-shen,WU Jia-shuai,ZHANG Fan*
(Department of Basic Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the relationship between stress and social anxiety of medical students in military universities, and to explore the related mechanisms. Methods Two hundred and eleven military medical university students were tested by interaction anxiousness scale (IAS), stress scale for college students (SSCS) and Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). The Pearson correlation analysis and structural equation model were used to analyze the relationship between the variables. Results A total of 198 valid questionnaires were collected, with the effective rate being 93.8%. There were significant correlations between social anxiety and various dimensions of stress and resilience (all P<0.01). Structural equation model showed that the resilience partially mediated the relationship between stress and social anxiety (χ2/df=2.08, P<0.05; root mean square error of approximation=0.074, comparative fit index=0.98, normed fit index=0.97, incremental fit index=0.98). The total stress score of the male students was greater than that of the female students in military medical universities (24.67±15.01 vs 20.17±13.07, t=2.17, P<0.05). Conclusion Resilience has partial mediating effect on the relationship between stress and social anxiety. Therefore daily management of military medical university students should be emphasized on the cultivation of resilience.
Key words:  psychological resilience  psychological stress  social anxiety  medico  military university