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  • 周健,汪玉婷,席惠君,桂莉,刘晶晶.非医学海军类院校学员常见急救知识的掌握现状分析[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(9):1024-1027    [点击复制]
  • ZHOU Jian,WANG Yu-ting,XI Hui-jun,GUI Li,LIU Jing-jing.Investigation of first aid knowledge among non-medical naval students[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(9):1024-1027   [点击复制]
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非医学海军类院校学员常见急救知识的掌握现状分析
周健1,汪玉婷2,席惠君3,桂莉4,刘晶晶4*
0
(1. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长征医院急诊科, 上海 200003;
2. 解放军总医院第二医学中心综合外科监护室, 北京 100853;
3. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长海医院护理部, 上海 200433;
4. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)护理系野战护理教研室, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 了解非医学类海军院校学员对常见急救知识的掌握情况、获取途径及学习需求,为海军院校开展急救知识培训提供参考。方法 2017年9月至12月,采用方便抽样法,用自行设计的无记名问卷对参与某次海上军事活动的4所非医学类海军院校学员进行调查。结果 共发放问卷342份,回收342份,回收率为100%;有效问卷327份,有效率为95.61%。常见急救知识总分为18分,总体得分为9(7,10)分,急救技能(共5分)、常见急症和创伤的救治(共6分)、环境性急症的处置(共7分)得分分别为2(2,3)分、3(2,4)分、3(3,4)分。不同院校学员对急救知识的掌握情况差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);学习过急救知识的学员对于急救知识的掌握情况优于未学习过的学员,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);而不同性别、年龄、军龄的学员对急救知识的掌握情况差异均无统计学意义(P均>0.05)。参与调查者中绝大部分(274/327,83.79%)认为有必要学习急救知识,同时90.21%(295/327)的学员希望通过面对面授课进行急救知识学习。结论 非医学类海军院校学员对常见急救知识的掌握情况不理想,缺乏有效培养方案,应针对海军院校在校学员特点建立常态化培训机制。
关键词:  急救知识  非医学海军类院校  学员  问卷调查
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.09.1024
投稿时间:2019-03-04修订日期:2019-06-26
基金项目:2018年海军军医大学学位与研究生教育研究面上课题(海医办[2018]355号),全国高等医学教育学会护理教育分会教育科学基金(GJHLQ160002).
Investigation of first aid knowledge among non-medical naval students
ZHOU Jian1,WANG Yu-ting2,XI Hui-jun3,GUI Li4,LIU Jing-jing4*
(1. Department of Emergency, Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200003, China;
2. Department of Surgery ICU, the Second Medical Center, General Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100853, China;
3. Department of Nursing, Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China;
4. Department of Battle Field Nursing, School of Nursing, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the status quo of first aid knowledge of students from non-medical naval academies, so as to provide references for designing first aid training program for them. Methods Using convenience sampling, we investigated 342 students from 4 non-medical naval universities using anonymous questionnaire from Sep. 2017 to Dec. 2017. Results A total of 342 questionnaires were returned, with a recovery rate of 100%. And there were 327 questionnaires were valid, with a valid rate of 95.61%. The median first aid knowledge score was 9 (7, 10) for the participants when the total score was 18. The median scores of first aid skills (total 5), treatment of common emergencies and traumas (total 6), and management of environmental emergencies (total 7) were 2 (2, 3), 3 (2, 4) and 3 (3, 4), respectively. There was a significant difference in the mastery of first aid knowledge among students from different non-medical academies (P<0.05). Students who had received first aid education had better mastery of first aid knowledge than those who had not (P<0.05). Genders, ages, and length of military service were not influencing factors of the mastery of first aid knowledge (all P>0.05). Totally 83.79% (274/327) of the respondents thought it was necessary to learn first aid knowledge, and 90.21% (295/327) hoped to learn first aid knowledge through face-to-face teaching. Conclusion The first aid knowledge among non-medical naval students is poor, and there is a lack of effective education and a long-term training mechanism needs to be established.
Key words:  first aid knowledge  non-medical naval academy  student  questionaires