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  • 杨武,王妙苗,李朕东,张佳艺,李珊珊,陈良,董薇,柏涌海,傅卫军,李荣.驻某礁部队战士心理素质及影响因素分析[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(8):889-893    [点击复制]
  • YANG Wu,WANG Miao-miao,LI Zhen-dong,ZHANG Jia-yi,LI Shan-shan,CHEN Liang,DONG Wei,BAI Yong-hai,FU Wei-jun,LI Rong.Analysis of psychological quality and influencing factors of a marine unit stationed at a reef[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(8):889-893   [点击复制]
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驻某礁部队战士心理素质及影响因素分析
杨武1,王妙苗2,李朕东3,张佳艺4,李珊珊3,陈良3,董薇5,柏涌海6,傅卫军3,李荣3*
0
(1. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)东方肝胆外科医院, 上海 200438;
2. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长征医院肿瘤科, 上海 200003;
3. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长征医院血液科, 上海 200003;
4. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长征医院口腔科, 上海 200003;
5. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)心理系海军航空及特种心理学教研室, 上海 200433;
6. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长征医院心理科, 上海 200003
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 研究远海驻礁部队战士的心理素质状况及其影响因素,分析其心理素质、健康主观评价、社会支持三者之间的关系。方法 使用军人心理素质量表、自测健康评定量表和领悟社会支持量表对驻某礁100名部队战士进行问卷调查。军人心理素质量表包括聪慧、忠诚、勇敢、自信和耐挫5个维度,自测健康评定量表包括生理健康、心理健康、社会健康3个维度,领悟社会支持量表包括家庭支持、朋友支持、其他支持3个维度。采用独立样本t检验对远海驻礁部队战士军人心理素质量表得分与总体军人心理素质常模进行比较,采用Pearson相关分析对3个量表中各维度得分及总分之间的相关性进行分析,采用多元线性回归分析探讨社会支持、健康主观评价和远海驻礁部队战士心理素质之间的相互影响。结果 远海驻礁部队战士军人心理素质量表自信维度(沉着+独立+乐群)得分优于总体常模(P=0.030),其余4个维度得分与常模相比差异均无统计学意义(P均>0.05)。Pearson相关分析显示,除远海驻礁部队战士军人心理素质量表忠诚维度得分与自测健康评定量表社会健康维度得分无相关性(P=0.366)外,军人心理素质量表、自测健康评定量表和领悟社会支持量表3个量表之间其余各维度得分及总分均呈正相关(P均<0.01)。多元线性回归分析结果显示,心理健康是耐挫的影响因素(P=0.006),家庭支持和生理健康是心理健康的影响因素(P=0.022,P<0.001),家庭支持是生理健康的影响因素(P=0.025)。结论 远海驻礁战士心理素质易受岛礁环境的影响,需要从加强社会支持、提高自身健康认识两方面入手改善远海驻礁战士的心理素质。
关键词:  岛礁  军事人员  心理素质  社会支持  健康状况
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.08.0889
投稿时间:2019-06-12修订日期:2019-07-27
基金项目:海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长征医院金字塔人才工程杰青后备项目(20190101),海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长征医院研究型医师培育项目(院医[2017]13).
Analysis of psychological quality and influencing factors of a marine unit stationed at a reef
YANG Wu1,WANG Miao-miao2,LI Zhen-dong3,ZHANG Jia-yi4,LI Shan-shan3,CHEN Liang3,DONG Wei5,BAI Yong-hai6,FU Wei-jun3,LI Rong3*
(1. Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200438, China;
2. Department of Oncology, Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200003, China;
3. Department of Hematology, Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200003, China;
4. Department of Stomatology, Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200003, China;
5. Department of Naval Aeronautic and Special Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China;
6. Department of Psychology, Changzheng Hospital, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200003, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To study the psychological quality of the soldiers stationed at a reef and their influencing factors, and to analyze the relationship between psychological quality, subjective evaluation of health and social support. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted on 100 soldiers stationed at a reef using the military psychology quality scale, self-test health rating scale and comprehension social support scale. The military psychology quality scale includes five dimensions:intelligence, loyalty, courage, self-confidence and frustration. The self-test health rating scale includes three dimensions:physical health, mental health, and social health. The comprehension social support scale includes three dimensions:family support, friend support, and other support. The scores of the military psychological quality scale of the soldiers stationed at the reef were compared with the norm of military mental quality using independent-sample t test. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between scores of each dimension and total scores for the three scales. Multivariate linear regression was used to analyze the influence between social support, healthy subjective evaluation and the psychological quality of soldiers stationed at the reef. Results The scores of dimension confidence (calm+independent+sociable) of the soldiers were significantly better than the overall norm score (P=0.030), and the difference for the other 4 dimensions was not statistically significant between the soldiers and the norm (all P>0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the scores of all dimensions and total scores were positively correlated between the three scales used in this study (all P<0.01), except for loyalty dimension of military psychology quality scale and social health dimension of self-test health rating scale (P=0.366). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that mental health was the influencing factor of the tolerance (P=0.006); family support and physical health were the influencing factors of mental health (P=0.022, P<0.001), and family support was the influencing factor of physical health (P=0.025). Conclusion The psychological quality of soldiers stationed at a reef is vulnerable to the environment of the reef. It is necessary to improve the psychological quality by strengthening social support and improving their own health awareness of the soldiers.
Key words:  reefs  military personnel  psychological quality  social support  health status