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  • 何蕊,田金强*,潘子奇,张连祺.我国生物安全立法现状与展望[J].第二军医大学学报,2019,40(9):937-944    [点击复制]
  • HE Rui,TIAN Jin-qiang*,PAN Zi-qi,ZHANG Lian-qi.Laws and regulations for biosafety in China: status and prospect[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2019,40(9):937-944   [点击复制]
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我国生物安全立法现状与展望
何蕊,田金强*,潘子奇,张连祺
0
(科学技术部中国生物技术发展中心生物资源与安全处, 北京 100039
*通信作者)
摘要:
生物安全是国家安全的组成部分。本文梳理了针对传染病、外来物种入侵、实验室生物安全、生物恐怖、生物技术谬用、特殊资源流失和突发生物安全事件等生物安全威胁防控相关的行政法规、刑法等法律法规,分析了生物安全立法工作中存在的问题和不足。在此基础上,从加强科普知识和法律法规的宣传普及、加强现行法律法规的执行力度、做好行政法规和刑法的衔接、建立健全生物安全法律法规体系等方面提出进一步完善我国生物安全立法工作的建议。
关键词:  生物安全  法律  法规  预防和控制  建议
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.09.0937
投稿时间:2019-08-15修订日期:2019-09-11
基金项目:
Laws and regulations for biosafety in China: status and prospect
HE Rui,TIAN Jin-qiang*,PAN Zi-qi,ZHANG Lian-qi
(Department of Bioresource and Biosafety, China National Center for Biotechnology Development, Ministry of Science and Technology of China, Beijing 100039, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Biosafety is one of the cornerstones for national security. This review summarizes the major administrative laws and criminal laws related to the prevention and control of biosafety threats, such as infectious diseases, invasion of alien species, laboratory biosafety, bioterrorism, misuse of biotechnology, loss of special biological resource, and biosafety emergencies. The authors also analyzed the existing problems and shortcomings in the current the legislation of biosafety. Based on the above analysis, we proposed suggestions to improve the legislation of biosafety, which include enhancing the propaganda for popular science and relevant laws, reinforcing the implementation of the existing laws and regulations, promoting the connection between administrative laws and criminal laws, as well as building up a comprehensive biosafety law and regulation system.
Key words:  biosafety  laws  legislation  prevention and control  suggestion