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  • 唐云翔*,张瑞珂,何静文,王亚婧.军事睡眠研究与实践[J].第二军医大学学报,2020,41(4):349-358    [点击复制]
  • TANG Yun-xiang*,ZHANG Rui-ke,HE Jing-wen,WANG Ya-jing.Research and practice of military sleep[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2020,41(4):349-358   [点击复制]
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军事睡眠研究与实践
唐云翔*,张瑞珂,何静文,王亚婧
0
(海军军医大学(第二军医大学)心理系医学心理学教研室, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
睡眠障碍在军人中普遍存在,且历来受到各国军队的普遍重视。军人睡眠障碍原因多样,与军事活动本身、物理因素及军队文化均有一定关系。睡眠障碍会影响军人的体能、认知功能和战斗力。目前人们对军人睡眠问题的表现已经有所了解,随着研究的日益深入,提出了一些干预军人睡眠的方法。在睡眠不足情况下维持军人战斗力的干预方法主要包括小睡、睡眠储备、兴奋剂或药物干预等。部分国家的军队已建立了维护军人睡眠健康的规章制度,涉及预防措施、医疗服务、初期培训和军事任务活动等。我军也应加强军事睡眠领域的研究并从制度层面对军人的睡眠行为加以规范,以更好地应对未来战争的挑战
关键词:  军人  睡眠  睡眠障碍  干预  军事  影响  政策
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2020.04.0349
投稿时间:2020-01-17修订日期:2020-02-09
基金项目:
Research and practice of military sleep
TANG Yun-xiang*,ZHANG Rui-ke,HE Jing-wen,WANG Ya-jing
(Department of Medical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Naval Medical University (Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Sleep disorders are common in soldiers, and have always been valued by the military of all countries. There are various reasons for sleep disorders in soldiers, which are related to military activities, physical factors, and military culture. Sleep disorders in soldiers affect their physical fitness, cognitive function, and combat capability. At present, the soldiers’ sleep problems have been studied. With the deepening of research, some methods for treating military sleep have been proposed. Under the condition of insufficient sleep, the main intervention methods to maintain the combat capability of soldiers include naps, sleep reserves, stimulants or drug intervention. The military of some countries has established rules and regulations to maintain the sleep health of soldiers, inculding preventive measures, medical services, initial training and military activities. Chinese troops should also strengthen the research on military sleep and standardize the sleep behavior of soldiers, so as to better cope with the challenges of future war.
Key words:  soldiers  sleep  sleep disorders  intervention  military  influence  policy